🚀 SvelteKit Tooling: Putting your Continuous Integration Process on Skates
Adding SvelteKit tooling to your continuous integration (CI) process can help you work more efficiently as well as keep your code base more consistent. This is useful when you need to hand your project over to a client, or even get assistance from colleagues or external sources. We look at some tools you might consider adding to your CI process in this article. We cover checking your code follows best practices, that it has consistent styling as well as how you can create consistent commit messages. I hope you are able to apply at least a couple of the aspects covered to your regular SvelteKit development process.
🖥 VS Code Extensions
Since 70% of professional developers use Visual Studio Code , let's take a quick look at some extensions you might want to add to your SvelteKit workflow before we get on to the main tooling items. Although the tools we look at later are mostly standalone tools, you will get additional benefits when working with VSCode if you add the corresponding extension. We will look at the dot files as we go along.
- ESLint — working in conjunction with the main ESList package (see below), this will highlight errors in your code, often helping you realise early that you mistyped a variable name or forgot to import or install a package.
- Prettier — prettier is probably the best known code formatter. Rather than argue over whether or not to use it, I think the argument has shifted to whether it should be used to enforce tab or space indenting — I'm not getting into that one!
- stylelint — this will flag up accessibility as well as CSS code style issues in VSCode. I run stylelint before committing code, but it's nice to have errors highlighted in the editor so you can fix them individually as they crop up. That is rather than having to tackle a stack of them just before you commit at the end of a long session.
- SvelteCode — official Svelte VSCode extension adds syntax highlighting for your Svelte code.
Base VSCode Configuration
Everyone has their own favourite VSCode settings. Personally I prefer a light-touch approach, so hopefully this might be used as a starting point for anyone. You can set these globally, though typically I add a config file to each project (at
.vscode/settings in the project folder) so I can tweak settings based on what the project uses.
formatOnSave is my most loved setting! I have mixed feelings about
organizeImports and omit it on most projects — it can get a touch annoying when it removes imports which you still need. You can run organise imports manually using the Shift + Alt + O key combination. The markdown options make your content a little easier to read in the editor (you might prefer 100 or 120 character lines instead of 80). I have had a couple of Svelte projects where formatting stopped working and found adding the last setting fixes this. As I say this is just a base and you will probably have your own favourites. I'm keen to hear what I am missing (remember I prefer a minimalist approach though)!
🔥 SvelteKit Tooling: 1. pnpm
pnpm is a packet management tool like
yarn. I like to look at it as a more modern imagination of a package manager. The main selling points are speed and efficiency. When you install packages in your project,
npm will download the package and save it to a
node_modules folder in your project. These folders can get huge and you have to scan though old projects deleting them whenever your machine starts running low on free disk space. In contrast
pnpm creates a central repository for packages on your machine and just adds a link from the
node_modules folder of your project to the particular package in the the central repo.
The two main advantages of the central local repo approach (which
pnpm follows) are that it is quicker to start up new projects as many of the packages you need to install will already be on your machine. Then, on top, you save on disk space. In the screenshot below, you see in the last long line 142 packages were reused in this particular case. That's 142 packages that did not need to be freshly downloaded. You will also see the output is a little more terse and cleanly formatted than with other tools.
You need a one-off install to get
pnpm running on your machine. After that, it accepts commands similar to the ones you will be using to with
yarn. If you already have
npm on your machine just run this command to install
To check for updates for
pnpm and other global packages, run:
🧑🏽 SvelteKit Tooling: 2. Prettier
You can automatically add prettier to a new skeleton Svelte project form the init tool:
The default prettier script installed into
package.json uses the
.gitignore file to decide which files to ignore for formatting. I like to commit the
pnpm-lock.yaml file but am not too bothered about how it is formatted so go update the script and add a
.prettierignore file to my project root folder:
Notice I add a
prettier:check script too! I use this for a final check before committing, even though I set
formatOnSave in VSCode.
If you prefer tabs to spaces, ignore the rest of this paragraph! By the way I'm not saying spaces are better than tabs, just letting you know how to switch if you don't want to go with the default, just saying! Here's my
We use default filenames here for the the ignore and config file so we don't need to specify them explicitly in the scripts.
For completeness, here is a typical
.gitignore file for one of my SvelteKit projects:
While we're slightly off topic and since this does not fit neatly anywhere else, it is worth adding a
.nvmrc file to new SvelteKit projects. This sets the node version when your host builds the project. Not setting it can result it builds failing as some hosts use an older node version by default.
👀 SvelteKit Tooling: 3. ESLint
Here is the
package.json script I typically use:
Anyway to set it up run:
Then add a script to
package.json to run it when you need to:
You can set a stricter
--fail-on-hints flag as an alternative.
💄 SvelteKit Tooling: 5. stylelint
stylelint is great for checking accessibility issues in your CSS code. You can also use it to prevent colour drift and to keep your code more maintainable. As an example, setting a rule for no named colours will flag up an error if add something like
border-color: red for debugging and forget to remove it. More likely though, you might set a hex or HSL value while fixing or setting something up instead of using a named variable like
--theme-colour. When you later need to tweak the theme colour, the manually added hex value will persist creating inconsistencies in the site.
stylelint is one way to fix this problem. Another, if you're a TypeScript fan is to be super strict and use vanilla-extract with contracts. For stylelint there's a whole video on vanilla CSS linting in SvelteKit. Also follow that link for another video which looks at SCSS linting in SvelteKit.
I add this script to
package.json for vanilla CSS projects:
this is the SCSS alternative:
⛔ SvelteKit Tooling: 6. precommit
When working in a team, your colleagues will probably appreciate consistent and concise commit messages. There is a whole system for commit message etiquette named conventional commits . That is just one option and you might prefer one of the other various options. With conventional commits, your commit messages take a particular format. In this example our commit type is
refactor (we could also choose fix, style or feature among others).
Following the type of commit in brackets we have a description for the part of the project affected. Then the commit message itself. The emoji is not required! If you want to try out conventional commits, you might like the commitizen command line tool . As well as holding your hand as you write commit messages, it can handle version bumping and generate changelogs for you. We won't go into details here, but definitely try it on a new side project to see if it suits you.
I like to include the
commitlint tool in all my SvelteKit projects to enforce the conventional commit syntax. If you want to try it, install a couple of packages and then add the config file:
Next, create a
commitlint.config.cjs file in your project's root folder:
Because SvelteKit uses ES modules by default, it is important that the file extension is
.cjs rather than
To test it out run a command form the terminal like:
This is asking
commitlint to consider
nonsense non-valid commit message to be a commit message and to check it for us.
We will see how to integrate
commitlint into the continuous integration process next.
🏋️🏽 SvelteKit Tooling: 7. Husky
Husky pulls together a few of the other tools we have already seen. Essentially it runs git hooks locally, before committing your code. If you have ever pushed code to an upstream repo only to realise you forgot to format it or didn't save a file with an error in it before committing Husky will get your back. So, as an example, you can make sure you pass
svelte-check and a host of other things before pushing to your remote repo. Here's my setup but you can go to town and add a whole lot more.
To get going install Husky as a dev dependency:
Next you can add config files to run at different stages in the continuous integration process:
Finally install your Husky configuration:
🙌🏽 SvelteKit Tooling: What we Learned
In this post we looked at:
how tooling can be used to streamline the continuous integration process,
configuration of seven continuous integration tools to work with SvelteKit,
how Husky can be used ultimately to enforce all of the coding conventions and rules created by other tools.
I do hope there is at least one thing in this article which you can use in your work or a side project. I'm keen to hear what tools you use in your own process and any further recommendations you might have. Drop a comment below with your thoughts.
🏁 SvelteKit Tooling: Summary
What Svelte tooling is available?
- Continuous integration tooling can be used to make updating and maintaining your Svelte code base less of a chore. It also brings benefits of code consistency by enforcing rules you choose. We look at how you can set up VSCode, pnpm, Prettier, ESLint, svelte-check, stylelint, precommit and Husky in your SvelteKit project.
How can you streamline your continuous integration process working in SvelteKit?
- The biggest advantages might be gained from adding svelte-check and stylelint to your Svelte project. These will point out some common accessibility issues which might exist in your code. Husky can be used to make sure code is not pushed to your repo whenever those tools identify issues.
How can you configure Husky and commitlint to work with SvelteKit?
- SvelteKit uses ES modules by default which means you will need to tweak configuration files for commitlint and some other continuous integration tooling for it to work with SvelteKit. Typically you will have to use a .cjs config file instead of a .js one.
🙏🏽 SvelteKit Tooling: Feedback
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